Merapi volcano is one of the world's most active and dangerous
volcanoes. It contains an active lava dome, which regularly produces
pyroclastic flows. It has been active for 10,000 years. This fire
mountain remains one of the most active and dangerous volcanoes in the
world. It can be seen from its name; Merapi from Javanese word 'Meru'
means 'Mountain' and 'Api' means 'fire'. The internally giant smoking
Mount Merapi is one of the active volcanoes that found in Indonesia. It
is presenting its peaceful and sleepy dense forest.
Beyond this, there lies a vast deserted land with its deep and
steep valley spread out among the mountain hills where sibilant pines
and wild grass make out the dominating vegetation, all presents a very
exciting panorama. Merapi is located about 30 km north of Yogyakarta, a
city with a population of 500,000. It is tall (2.8 km or 1.7 miles high)
and has steep slopes. The top of the volcano sometimes has a normal
crater, but usually a broad mound of pasty lava (called a dome) fills
the crater. The dome plugs up the volcano, making it difficult for other
lava and ash to escape. A broad gouge funnels lava and ash flows from
the top of Merapi to the south slopes of the volcano.
During its resting time of volcanic activities, it will enable
those who have much interest in mountaineering to have fun and to make
them more acquainted with the flora of its tropical rain forest. From
the observation post located on Plawangan hill that can be reached
through the forest resort of Kaliurang, we will see the incredible
sights of molten rocks oozing over the rim, sometimes accompanied with
hot lava pouring out regularly and leaving a long trail of smoke.